Soil is the number one source of nutrients for your crops.
That’s why the soil should be rich in the 15 nutrients necessary for any crop to grow into a healthy adult and gain sufficient profits in the market.
It must be free from toxicity, and all the nutrients should be at the right quantities.
It is a must to get a soil analysis test done before deciding to sow anything to your farm.
There’s TWO types of soil fertility, each of which is a must to know for farmers.
1. Natural Fertility
As the name suggests, this is how fertile your soil is right off the bat. Any plant requires nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to ensure a normal growth and yield. On an average, Indian soil has 0.3 to 0.2 percent nitrogen, 0.03 to 0.3 percent phosphorus, and 0.4 to 0.5 percent potassium.
The soil’s natural fertility is generally not lost unless exerted with excessive and dicey farming methods – this may include over farming, over watering, or using too many chemicals.
Organic farming methods help maintain the natural fertility levels of the soil. If you are looking for them, then check out MahakalAgro.
2. Acquired Fertility
When the fertility of the soil is improved by using manures and fertilizers, proper irrigation, and tillage you call the farmland to have acquired fertility. That said, just because you increase the amount of fertilizers in the land, may not have expected effects on the produce. Only use as much fertilizer as the soil and plant requires.
To find out the current fertility of the farm you’re working with, get a soil analysis test.
Now, let’s talk about how you can improve the fertility of your soil.
Biochar becomes a direct nutrient source for the soil as it changes the physicochemical qualities properties of the soil it is used on. Consult an expert before using biochar because different soils require different dosage amounts, and application methods may also vary. Talk to us at MahakalAgro.
2. Organic Matter
One of the most effective ways to improve soil fertility is by using organic matter such as manure from farm animals. Most of the plant nutrition absorption will improve shortly after using organic matter.
P.S. Make sure the manure has been tested for diseases before use.
3. Green Manuring
Here, you will grow certain plants that draw nutrients from the soil and store them in their bodies. Instead of removing them, they are tilled into the soil before the actual crops are to be sowed. As the first plants decompose, the soil gets its nutrients that the final crops can absorb. Green manuring is great for large scale farms.
A Soil analysis after this process will show you the improvement in the fertility of your farm.
A material known as mulch is applied to the top of the soil which helps to conserve moisture in soil, improve fertility & health of the soil, and reduce weed growth. Mostly all mulch is organic, but needs to be applied in a proper way to make the most out of it.
Ensuring plant nutrition and absorption is taking place as it should be can help maintain the crop yield and quality.
The fertility of the soil will drastically change the way your crop grows and when it is ready for harvest. Plus, the chances of disease will also reduce or increase based on how fertile your soil is.
So, before you take a solid step ahead, talk to the experts at MahakalAgro.
We will help you out with all these details and more!